Youth Health and Wellbeing
Youth is a crucial period for establishing positive health and social behaviours. It is a time when young people are undergoing rapid emotional, physical and intellectual changes, and when they transition from childhood to adolescence to independent adulthood. This Profile contains information on population growth, employment and education, crime and safety, and factors influencing health.
Youth includes residents aged 12 to 25 years unless otherwise stated.
All data in this profile is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011 or 2016, Census of Population and Housing unless otherwise indicated.
Compared to Wyndham, there were proportionally more young people living across Greater Melbourne in 2016.
Wyndham population 12 to 25 year olds, 2016
The number of young people aged 12 to 17 is forecast to more than double from 19,329 people in 2019 to 42,250 by 2041, an increase of 119%. Half of the growth among the 12 to 17 year old group is forecast to have taken place by 2027.
The population of 18 to 25 year olds is also forecast to increase substantially, growing from 28,294 in 2019 to 50,638 in 2041 (+79%). Growth rates will be slowing in the 2021-2027 period, after which they will pick up again due to the increase in number of 12-17 year olds in Wyndham before 2027.
Population forecast,12-17 and 18-25 year olds, Wyndham, 2019-2041
According to the 2016 Census, there are 479 young people living in Wyndham aged 12 to 25 years who identify as Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander or both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander. The age group of 18 to 25 year olds is the largest (268 people). Young Indigenous residents account for approximately 2.6% of the total youth population in Wyndham in 2016, whereas in 2011 this was as low as 1.1%.
Country of Birth
Based on the proportion of people born overseas, Wyndham’s youth population is more culturally diverse than young people across Greater Melbourne. In Wyndham, 31% of 12 to 17 year olds were born overseas, compared to only 18% in Greater Melbourne. In the 18 to 25 year age group, cultural diversity is similar across both locations with around a third of residents born overseas.
Percentage of 12 to 17 year olds born overseas, Wyndham and Greater Melbourne, 2016
Percentage of 18 to 25 year olds born overseas, Wyndham and Greater Melbourne, 2016
The top 5 countries of birth other than Australia for 12 to 17 year olds in Wyndham and Greater Melbourne are similar. India, New Zealand, China and the Philippines feature in the top five for both areas. However, the proportion of residents born in these countries varies. For example, nearly 6% of Wyndham 12 to 17 year olds were born in New Zealand compared to less than 2% across Greater Melbourne. In Wyndham, Thailand is the fourth most common country of birth, while in Greater Melbourne, England takes fourth place.
Country of birth, 12 to 17 year olds, Wyndham and Greater Melbourne, 2016
India is the most common country of birth other than Australia amongst Wyndham’s 18 to 25 year olds, while China is most common across Greater Melbourne. Vietnam and Malaysia are the fourth and fifth most common countries of birth in this age group across Greater Melbourne, compared to China and Thailand in Wyndham.
Country of birth of 18 to 24 year olds, Wyndham and Greater Melbourne, 2016
In the 12 to 17-year age group, 32% of people speak a language other than English. There is slightly more language diversity in the 18 to 25-year age group with 35% of people speaking one of over 100 languages other than English.
Language spoken, 12 to 17 year olds, Wyndham 2016
Language spoken, 18 to 25 year olds, Wyndham 2016
Language Spoken at Home
For 12 to 17 year olds in Wyndham, Arabic is the most commonly spoken language at home (other than English), followed by Karen, Mandarin, Hindi and Urdu. Across Greater Melbourne, Mandarin is the most commonly spoken language which coincides with China being the most common country of birth. Interestingly, despite Greece not making the top five most common countries of birth, Greek was the fourth most commonly spoken language amongst 12 to 17 year olds across Greater Melbourne.
Top five languages other than English spoken at home by 12 to 17 year olds, Wyndham and Greater Melbourne, 2016
The language profile of 18 to 25 year olds in Wyndham reflects the country of birth trends, where India is the most common country of birth and Punjabi, a language native to India, is the most commonly spoken language other than English.
Top five languages other than English spoken at home by 18 to 25 year olds, Wyndham and Greater Melbourne, 2016
Another indicator of cultural diversity is the proportion of people who speak only English at home.
Young people aged 18-25 years in Wyndham and Greater Melbourne is the most diverse, with around 59% of residents who only speak English. In the 12 to 17-year-age group, 63% from Wyndham only speak English, and 69% in Greater Melbourne. A relatively similar proportion of people can speak another language and English very well or well across both locations and all age groups.
Youth English proficiency, Wyndham and Greater Melbourne 2016
According to 2016 Census data, religious affiliation is more common amongst Wyndham's young people compared to young people across Greater Melbourne. Nearly 70% of 12 to 17 year olds in Wyndham were affiliated with a religion, compared to 60% of 12 to 17 year olds across Greater Melbourne. A much larger proportion of young people in Greater Melbourne reported no religion on the 2016 Census compared to young people in Wyndham (31% and 24% respectively).
Religious affiliation of 12 to 17 year olds, Wyndham and Greater Melbourne, 2016
Religious affiliation amongst 18 to 25 year olds in Wyndham is relatively high compared to Greater Melbourne. 63% of Wyndham’s 18 to 25-year-old population were affiliated with a religion, compared to just over 50% across Greater Melbourne. Christianity was the most popular religion in Wyndham, followed by Islam and Hinduism.
Religious affiliation of 18 to 25 year olds, Wyndham and Greater Melbourne, 2016
Secondary School Retention
In 2016, 78.8% of 17-year-old students in Wyndham were attending secondary school. This was slightly lower than the retention rates across Greater Melbourne (83.4%) and Victoria (80.0%).
Secondary school retention – 17 year olds, 2016
Literacy and Numeracy2
Compared to students across Victoria, there was a larger proportion of Wyndham year 7 and 9 students who were not reaching the national benchmarks for literacy in 2017. Numeracy among Wyndham Year 7 students is also lower than in Victoria, while Wyndham Year 9 students achieved slightly better results than Victorian students.
All in all, 8.1 per cent of Wyndham Year 7 students do not need literacy benchmarks compared with 5.1 per cent of Victorian Year 7 students. The achievement gap in Year 9 between Wyndham and Victoria is lower, event though more students do not meet literacy benchmarks. More than one in ten Wyndham Year 9 students (10.2%) do not meet literacy benchmarks compared with 8 per cent of Victorian students.
Wyndham students fare better in numeracy than in literacy - the same is true for Victorian students. Here, 5 per cent of Wyndham Year 7 students do not meet numeracy benchmarks compared with 4 per cent of Victorian students. Performance among Year 9 Wyndham students is fractionally better than among Victorian students with 4.4 and 4.5 per cent not meeting national benchmarks respectively.
NAPLAN literacy results year 7 and 9 students, Wyndham and Victoria, 2017
NAPLAN numeracy results year 7 and 9 students, Wyndham and Victoria, 2017
Between 2008 and 2017 Wyndham students' literacy has decreased, while numeracy has increased.
In 2008, 5.4 per cent of Year 7 and 8.4 per cent of Year 9 students did not meet literacy benchmarks. By 2017 this increased to 8.2 and 10.2 per cent of Year 7 and Year 9 students not meeting literacy benchmarks, respectively.
As for numeracy, Year 7 students' performance is at about the same level in 2017 as it was in 2008. Year 9 students' numeracy has improved, with only 4.4 per cent of students not meeting numeracy benchmarks in 2017 compared with 7.5 per cent in 2008.
NAPLAN literacy results for Year 7 and 9 students, Wyndham, 2008-2017
NAPLAN literacy results for Year 7 and 9 students, Wyndham, 2008-2017
High School Retention
High school retention rates in Wyndham are lower than across Greater Melbourne. In 2016, 72% of Wyndham residents aged 20 to 25 years had completed year 12 or equivalent, compared to 80% of 20 to 25 year olds across Greater Melbourne.
Highest year of school completed of 20 to 25 year olds, Wyndham and Greater Melbourne 2016
Feelings of connectedness to school were determined by surveying students in years 5 to 9. Results illustrate that generally, year 5 and 6 students feel more connected to their schools despite where they are from. Wyndham students in both year 5 to 6 and 7 to 9 were less connected than students across Victoria. From 2011 to 2015, feelings of connectedness to school increased for Wyndham Year 7 to 9 students from 56.4% to 61.3%.
Feeling of connectedness to school, Wyndham and Victoria 2011-2015
Disengaged youth include young people 15 to 25 years of age who are not studying or engaged in work. In 2016, 11.8% of 15 to 25 year olds in Wyndham were disengaged, compared to 8.0% across Greater Melbourne and 10.1% in the Western Region.
In Wyndham, the most common qualification held by young people is a certificate (12.9%), followed by bachelor degrees (11.7%) and advanced diplomas/diplomas (7.6%). Across Greater Melbourne, education attainment is higher, with 15.1% of young people with a bachelor degree or higher, compared to 11.7% of Wyndham young people.
Highest level of education attained by 18 to 25 year olds, Wyndham and Greater Melbourne, 2016
Employment rates amongst young people are relatively similar between Wyndham and Greater Melbourne. In 2016, 49% of Wyndham 15 to 25 year olds were employed compared with 51% of 15 to 25 year olds across Greater Melbourne. Similarly, around 35% of young people in both Wyndham and Greater Melbourne were not in the labour force. This is not equivalent to an unemployment rate given that many young people are enrolled in an educational institute.
Employment status of 15 to 25 year olds, Wyndham and Greater Melbourne, 2016
The most common industries of employment for young people in Wyndham and Greater Melbourne are retail and accommodation and food services. Both of these industries facilitate part time work that students can perform while attaining an education.
Most common industries of employment for 15 to 25 year olds, Wyndham and Greater Melbourne, 2016
The employment profile of young people in Wyndham and Greater Melbourne is relatively similar. There is a large proportion of youth working in sales, and as technicians and in trades. Interestingly, nearly 7% of young people across Greater Melbourne work in professional occupations making it the 4th most common occupation type. In Wyndham, professional jobs do not make the top 5 most common occupations; with only 8% of Wyndham's young people being employed in professional occupations.
Most common occupations of 15 to 25 year olds, Wyndham and Greater Melbourne, 2016
The proportion of young people walking to work is higher in Greater Melbourne compared to Wyndham (4.6% and 2.2% respectively). The vast majority of employed young people in Wyndham either drove to work or was the passenger in a car (70.4%). Compared with all Wyndham residents who travel to work, young people are more likely to walk or take the bus (1.5% and 7.5% respectively), and less likely to drive to work. This indicates that it is likely that young people’s place of employment is usually closer to home.
Method of travel to work of 15 to 25 year olds, Wyndham and Greater Melbourne, 2016
Young people in Wyndham were less likely to volunteer for an organisation or group, than those from Greater Melbourne, and Victoria wide. In 2016, 14.2% of 15 to 24 year olds from Wyndham were volunteers, compared to 18.3% Wyndham Greater Melbourne Victoria in Greater Melbourne, and 19.0% Victoria wide.
Percentage of 15 to 25 year old who volunteer, Wyndham, Greater Melbourne, and Victoria 2016
Less than 1% of 12 to 17 year olds in Wyndham have given birth. The six young mothers have all given birth to one child. Over 1,200 women aged 18 to 25 have given birth to one or more children.
Number of young mothers, Wyndham, 2016
From 2008 to 2012, fertility rates of young women in Wyndham were higher than for Victoria. In 2012, the rate for Wyndham peaked at 15.7%, compared to 10.4% for Victoria. Between 2008 and 2012 there was an average of 13 live births each year per 1,000 Victorian women aged 15 to 19. The fertility rate in Wyndham varied between 11 and 16 births (per 1,000 population) annually.
Fertility rate per 1,000 women aged 15 to 19, Wyndham and Victoria 2008 to 2012
A slightly larger proportion of young people in Wyndham require assistance with core activities including communication and self-care. In 2016, 3.5% of 12 to 17 year olds and 2% of 18 to 25 year olds from Wyndham required assistance.